Autoimmune Disease: Symptoms, Causes, And Treatments

Sometimes, the autoimmune system may attack the body as if there is an actual threat. This can lead to inflammation, plus damage to joints, nerves, and muscles.

Autoimmune: Why Attacks On Healthy Bodies?

Researchers think two things have to happen for you to have an autoimmune disorder. First, genetics plays a role. Then it could be triggered by something in your environment, like a virus. Because more women are affected than men, doctors think certain hormones may also be a factor.

Autoimmune: Type 1 Diabetes

It happens when your immune system kills the cells in your pancreas that make a hormone called insulin that your body needs to change food to energy. If you have type 1,  you’ll always have it, but you can manage it by watching your blood sugar levels and giving yourself insulin when you need it.

Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

The body’s defenses misfire and cause inflammation that damages the central nervous system. Scar tissue builds up along the network that carries nerve signals from brain to other parts of your body. This causes pain, problems with movement and balance, and weakness. Medicines can help with symptoms and may slow down the illness.

Autoimmune: Crohn’s Disease

In Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis the body’s defenses attack intestines and cause inflammation, belly pain, and bleeding. Crohn’s disease usually happens in the last part of the small intestine and colon. Treatment includes anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics, and medicine. Surgery is another possibility.

Autoimmune: Rheumatoid Arthritis

This autoimmune disorder affects joints and causes swelling and pain. Over time, inflammation can damage cartilage and bones, impairing movement. it also affects heart and lungs.

Autoimmune: Ankylosing Spondylitis

This type of arthritis mostly affects the spine, causing pain, curvature, and stiffness. Treatment includes specific stretches and exercises along with medicines to help with pain, such as steroid shots. Surgery to replace damaged joints may also be necessary.

Autoimmune: Lupus

This illness affects several parts of the body at the same time. Symptoms include joint pain, sensitivity to light, kidney problems, and being very tired. Also a rash over the cheeks and nose. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and steroids can help. and disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) may keep it from getting worse. If your symptoms are really bad, chemotherapy may be necessary.

Autoimmune: Addison’s Disease

The adrenal glands sit on top of the kidneys. An autoimmune attack prevents the adrenals from making enough hormones.  And hence, keeping blood pressure stable, converting food into fuel, are affected. Other deficits are fatigue, and skin patches that are darker than areas around them.  Hormonal therapy is the treatment.

Autoimmune: Graves Disease

The thyroid gland makes hormones that help the body work. Low thyroid levels result in symptoms such as shaking, shaking, weight loss, anxiety, and slightly bulging eyes. In addition, a condition called Hashimoto’s Disease can occur. Also called chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, symptoms are weight gain, fatigue, sensitivity to cold, and hair loss.  The front of the throat is swollen and the face is puffy. Hormone therapy is required.

Autoimmune: Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS)

This condition attacks the nerves network. Arms and legs may be weak and tingly, and there is an inability to feel heat and pain. you might not be able to feel heat or pain. A recommended treatment is plasma exchange. The blood is taken out and the liquid part called plasma is removed, then the blood cells are put back.

Autoimmune: Psoriasis

This condition starts when the body’s defenses trigger inflammation and make the skin cells grow too fast. This causes thick, red patches that might itch or feel sore. It’s treated with creams, ultraviolet light, and drugs to calm the immune system.

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